The Government envisages reaching a 100% target in country-wide electrification by 2015.
The growing electricity demand could be met only by adding adequate generation capacities, employing the most appropriate technologies in the most economical manner. However, the present energy resources in Sri Lanka fail to meet these criteria and therefore, the need for several resources or an energy mix arises. The Ministry of Power and Energy has formulated the National Energy Policies and Strategies of Sri Lanka (2008) which envisages the gradual increase of non-conventional renewable energy resources to provide the right mix to generate electricity, as summarised in Table 01.
Table 01. Generation mix proposed by the National Energy Policies and Strategies (2008)
Conventional Hydrolytic (%)
Maximum from Oil (%)
Minimum from non-conventional renewable energy (%)
Source: (M/P&E, 2008).
The Government has also recognised the need to elevate biomass as both a commercial crop as well as the third fuel option for electricity generation and has accordingly declared Gliricedia sepium as the fourth plantation crop after tea, rubber and coconut in 2005. Biofuels as an important constituent of the transport energy will be developed to take a 20 % share by 2020.